Insidious hypothyroidism: myths and reality
One way or another, most people have heard about the thyroid gland. Diseases of the thyroid gland are so common that it is safe to say that there are endocrinologist's patients in the environment of each.
The main function of the thyroid gland is to produce a hormone called thyroxine. If the "thyroid gland" for various reasons does not cope with this work, then this condition is diagnosed as
hypothyroidism. According to statistics, up to 10% of all adults have this disorder, and after 60 years the likelihood of hypothyroidism increases to 16%. For medical statistics, especially considering undetected cases, this is a lot.
The insidiousness of hypothyroidism is that he disguised as the most common ailments. Since thyroid hormones are necessary for the whole body, for all organs, tissues and cells without exception, their deficiency in hypothyroidism can manifest itself in a variety of disorders that are often very similar to other diseases. With hypothyroidism, there is a violation of all metabolic processes in the body. Cardiac activity, the work of the nervous system, stomach, intestines, kidneys, liver and reproductive system are disturbed. Hypothyroidism can manifest itself as a disruption in the functioning of any organ and system.
Symptoms of hypothyroidism are: drowsiness, memory impairment, general weakness, depression, dry skin, hair loss, swelling, constipation, muscle cramps, menstrual irregularities, causeless weight gain, infertility, problems with potency. As we see, all of the above can be a manifestation of other diseases, as well as a temporary phenomenon for a completely healthy person. Nevertheless, if you observe in yourself a combination of a whole bunch of such outwardly “ordinary” ailments, it makes sense to contact an endocrinologist. A simple guide to whether or not there are symptoms that are similar to signs of hypothyroidism
The fact is that laboratory diagnosis of hypothyroidism is one of the most reliable tests. You will know for sure whether your health problems are a consequence of thyroid disorders. And if the answer is yes, then the doctor will prescribe you replacement therapy, observing which you can lead an absolutely normal lifestyle. It is especially recommended that women planning to conceive or already pregnant be tested for hypothyroidism. During gestation and after childbirth, the risk of hypothyroidism greatly increases and threatens with various negative consequences for the mother and child. Hypothyroidism of women in childbirth is often temporary, up to 80% of patients from it are successfully cured.
Recently, there has been a myth that all thyroid disorders are inevitably associated with iodine deficiency and iodine-containing supplements need to “treat the thyroid gland”. This is not true. With a lack of thyroxine iodine is not absorbed in the body, therefore, it makes sense to take these components with hypothyroidism only in combination.
Hypothyroidism involves life-long compensation for the missing hormone - thyroxine, but this is not as sad as it might seem. According to statistics, most people at a certain age take some medications every day: contraceptives, vitamins, dietary supplements, analgesics. In addition, modern tablet preparations of thyroxine in structure are absolutely no different from the hormone that normally produces the human thyroid gland. Therefore, in the case of taking the right dose of a hormone that provides stable compensation for the disease, restrictions are not imposed on lifestyle: you can eat as usual, engage in any sport, there are no contraindications for climate and type of activity.
Therefore, hypothyroidism is not a sentence. It is known that even among Olympic champions there are many who won their medals in the treatment of hypothyroidism.